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The No Child Left Behind Improvement Act

Note: The Democrats on the Senate education committee have introduced legislation with modest changes to NCLB. Once it gets a bill number, you can go to Thomas for the full bill. Here is the summary put out by the senators. The new legislation, The No Child Left Behind Improvement Act should not be confused with the previous legislation, introduced by Democrats in June 2004, the No Child Left Behind Fairness Act. Or the No Child Left Behind Reform Act, introduced in April 2004. We're waiting for Democrats to abandon their corporate allies and to take up the fight for democracy. Then they'll introduce the No Child Left Behind Demolition Act. This new wrinkle only shows once again that Democrats support NCLB.

THE NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2004

Kennedy-Dodd-Harkin-Mikulski-Bingaman-Murray-Reed-Clinton

Helps Keep the Promise of Public School Choice

NCLB provides an option for students to transfer to another public school of their choice, if their school fails to meet their accountability targets 2 years in a row.

The Problem:
The Bush Administration's regulations for carrying out public school choice recklessly have directed school districts to ignore health and safety codes and unnecessarily crowded students into schools. The Administration has consistently opposed class size reduction and school construction programs - two practical solutions to help reduce the overcrowding problem and accommodate more students.

The No Child Left Behind Improvement Act:

Ensures that school districts consider health and safety codes in providing options for students to transfer to other public schools.

Provides new funds for schools that are overcrowded to carry out public school choice, supporting school construction and renovation efforts.

Does not change NCLB's existing requirements for public school choice.


Ensures Fair Access to Quality Supplemental Services

NCLB provides an option for students to receive tutoring and other academic support, if their school fails to meet their accountability targets 3 years in a row. NCLB requires providers of supplemental services to comply with health, safety, and civil rights laws.


The Problem:
The Bush Administration has failed to enforce civil rights protections for private providers of supplemental services, thus compromising fair access to services for children (especially those with special needs and limited English proficiency) and leaving beneficiaries vulnerable to discrimination. Rather than focusing on quality in these services, the Department of Education's guidance actually prohibits states from ensuring that tutoring services are delivered by certified teachers.


The No Child Left Behind Improvement Act:

Reverses the Administration's policy and reinforces civil rights laws, so that all supplemental service providers are barred from discriminating against children.

Gives states the option of ensuring that supplemental services are provided by certified teachers.

Requires all supplemental service providers to employ quality personnel.

Does not change NCLB's existing requirements to provide supplemental services

Ensures Highly Qualified Teachers and Para-Professionals in Every Classroom

NCLB requires all teachers and para-professionals to be highly qualified by 2006.

The Problem:
The Bush Administration's regulations fail to ensure that every state implement the teacher quality standards provided for under NCLB, running counter to the law's requirements for veteran teachers. Such action could result in difficulties in keeping experienced and committed teachers and para-professionals in the nation's schools.

The No Child Left Behind Improvement Act:

Ensures every state develop and implement the standard criteria under the law for ensuring that veteran teachers are highly qualified (High Objective Uniform State Standard of Evaluation, or HOUSSE).

Ensures that every state provide all newly hired and existing paraprofessionals every opportunity under the law to demonstrate their skills and meet NCLB's requirements.

Does not change NCLB's existing requirements for ensuring a highly qualified teacher in every classroom.

Ensures Fair and Accurate Accountability Decisions

NCLB requires schools to make adequate yearly progress (AYP) for all students.

The Problem:
The Bush Administration delayed guidance and final regulations for counting children with disabilities and English language learners for two years. As a result, states may have mislabeled potentially thousands of schools under NCLB's standards last year. Even after the Administration established clear policies earlier this year, the Education Department has refused to play by their own rules by refusing to allow schools to review last year's scores.

The No Child Left Behind Improvement Act:

Requires the Secretary to give schools the option of re-calculating AYP scores from last year, for a more accurate picture of student achievement under the Department's own new rules.

Avoids misdirecting resources and unfairly penalizing schools because of the Department's own failure to issue regulations and guidelines in 2003.

Does not change the law's existing requirements for accountability or adequate yearly progress (AYP).


Prevents High Dropout Rates

The Problem:
Despite detailed requirements for including graduation rates in accountability systems under the law, this Administration has failed to collect data that shows whether students actually complete school. Without accurate graduation rate data, some students may drop out of school or fall through the cracks, even as student test scores improve.

The No Child Left Behind Improvement Act:

Requires the Secretary to collect and report information on dropout rates for each subgroup of students, each year.

Provides for a more accurate calculation of dropout rates, as states develop new data tracking systems.

Does not change the law's existing requirements to include graduation rates in the adequate yearly progress (AYP) determination.

Improves the Quality and Scope of Student Testing

NCLB requires high-quality assessments of all children to measure proficiency in reading and math, including accommodations for students with disabilities and native language assessments for English language learners, to the extent practicable.

The Problem:
Despite NCLB's commitment to a higher standard of quality for the assessment of children under the law, the Administration has failed to promote fair testing standards for children with disabilities and English language learners, shirking responsibility to issue guidance on these issues.

The No Child Left Behind Improvement Act:

Provides new funds to help states develop native language assessments for English language learners, and better assessments for special needs children.

Provides new funds to help states develop better assessment and data systems, including longitudinal tests to follow the progress of individual students from year to year.


Reaffirms Civil Rights Protections and Prohibits Discrimination

NCLB contains explicit civil rights protections.

The Problem:
The Bush Administration is ignoring and misinterpreting NCLB's critical civil rights language, and by doing so, has opened the door to religious discrimination against staff of supplemental services and after-school programs, or applicants for such positions.

The No Child Left Behind Improvement Act:

Clarifies that discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex (except as otherwise permitted under Title IX), national origin, or disability in any program funded under NCLB is prohibited.

Clarifies that recipients of any services under No Child Left Behind may not be discriminated against.

Promotes Quality Technical Assistance and Research

Under several authorized programs, NCLB requires the use of activities, strategies, and materials based on "scientifically-based research."

The Problem:
In some instances, the Bush Administration has provided an overly narrow and rigid interpretation of scientifically-based research that has ruled out some successful approaches to educational improvement. The Education Department has insisted that some schools modify programs toward a specific educational ideology, rather than ensure that they are tailored to proven and effective methods of teaching and learning.

The No Child Left Behind Improvement Act:

Requires the Education Department to ensure that all technical assistance and research activities make use of educational strategies, programs, and practices that have been successful in improving educational opportunities and achievement for all students.

— Senators Kennedy, Dodd, Harkin, Mikulski, Bingaman, Murray, Reed, Clinton

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INDEX OF THE EGGPLANT


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